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Understanding ADHD in Children: Signs, Diagnosis, and Support Strategies
This comprehensive article explores the complex nature of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, providing insights into its symptoms, diagnosis process, and effective support strategies. From recognizing early signs to navigating the diagnostic journey, parents will gain valuable knowledge to help their child thrive. Expert insights, real-life examples, and practical tips empower readers to create a supportive environment that meets the unique needs of children with ADHD.
iStockPhotos/Md Saiful Islam Khan

Attention Deficit Disorder is a common disorder that afflicts both children and adults. I have taught children who have been diagnosed with ADHD. I also have managed adult employees who had ADHD as well. So, here are the questions I would ask if I thought my child might have Attention Deficit Disorder.

Disclaimer: I have researched answers to these questions that link to or refer back to authoritative sources. However, I am not a healthcare professional. So, always consult a healthcare professional with your specific concerns and questions.

How do you define Attention Deficit Disorder?

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by persistent patterns of , , and that interfere with daily functioning and development.

According to the American Psychiatric Association's , there are three main subtypes of ADHD:

Inattentive presentation

In this presentation, symptoms of inattention are looked for, such as difficulty paying attention, being easily distracted, and frequently making careless mistakes in their schoolwork or other activities.

Hyperactive-impulsive presentation

In this presentation, children will display symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity, such as fidgeting, excessive talking, difficulty waiting for their turn, and interrupting others.

Combined presentation

In this subtype, children display symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity.

This video offers an overview of ADHD in children.

What are the signs

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<鶹ý class="amc-article-title amc-mr-title">Teaching in Contemporary Times
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Teaching in Contemporary Times
We explore why individuals choose teaching, illuminating intrinsic motivations, the influence of role models, the pursuit of lifelong learning, and the aspiration to impact society.

We hold teachers and the profession of teaching in high regard. Teachers are often considered the bedrock of any progressive society. to mold young minds and shape the future. Serving as guiding lights for students, teachers play a critical role in fostering intellectual growth and nurturing curiosity. Despite being a demanding career choice, the allure of teaching lies in its potential to influence, inspire, and ignite a love for learning.

Why People Become Teachers

Why would anybody want to join an underpaid, micromanaged, and often disrespected profession? It's an interesting question in 2024. On the other hand, when you look at the reasons from an altruistic perspective, motivation, role models, lifelong learning, and influence all come into play. So, let's look at each of these reasons.

Intrinsic Motivation: A key motivating factor that compels many individuals to enter the teaching profession is the intrinsic satisfaction of educating young minds. According to a study by , teachers often express immense gratification in witnessing their students' academic and personal growth. This emotional reward, they argue, is a major motivating factor. I can attest to this motivating factor. It certainly wasn't the financial compensation that made me want to teach.

Role Models: Men and women who have taught us often leave lasting impressions. Such role models can inspire individuals to become teachers. Positive experiences with former teachers are people become teachers.

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<鶹ý class="amc-article-title amc-mr-title">Banishing the Phone-based Childhood
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Banishing the Phone-based Childhood
The article advocates for a dramatic cultural shift - delaying kids' smartphone ownership until high school and social media access until 16, promoting more free play, and fostering a healthier, screen-free childhood through collective action.
iStockPhotos/golubovy

My late wife had a "brick," as those were affectionately nicknamed. Back in the 90s, there were very few cell phones worldwide. Those early cell phones were bulky, expensive, and used primarily by business people. At that time, the pager was the only affordable signaling technology available to consumers. I remember keeping a pager in my belt when I ran with the local volunteer fire department. It wasn't until the 2000s that cell phones became affordable and widely available. The computing power of current smartphones is mind-boggling. That power, universal availability, affordability, and connectivity partnered with social media in all its forms have unleashed a phenomenon known as the phone-based childhood.

So, let's take a look at this phenomenon and its ramifications.

A professor from New York University says our dzٲ’snew phone-based childhoodis making young people sick and blocking their progress toward success during adulthood. He says weneed a dramatic cultural correction, and we need it now.Source:

After smartphones replaced flip phones, young people had the Internet in their pockets. They could use their phones anywhere, anytime. And that is the root of the problem: Young people have become addicted to their phones. Social interaction, reading, and playing outside are the 1990s and 2000s artifacts.

Growing up, we went outside to play in good weather. We played board games or worked jigsaw puzzles when the weather was inclement. We also had

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<鶹ý class="amc-article-title amc-mr-title">Public Schools in a Minute
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Public Schools in a Minute
Explore the diverse world of public schools in a minute! Our brief overview provides a snapshot of the educational landscape, school districts, curriculum, and more. Get a quick glance at the big picture of K-12 education.

History of Public Education

The first schools in colonial America were private. Public schools per se came much later on in the 19th century. A History of Public Schools offers a comprehensive overview of the subject.

Funding and Budgeting

U.S. public schools supplemented by funding from state and private sources. 92% of public school funding comes from non-federal sources. An Overview of the Funding of Public Schools explains how the system works. Here are two examples of school district budgets to illustrate the disparity regarding funding between a large urban school district and a small rural school district.

Large School District (Example):

Total Annual Budget: $1.2 billion

Sources of Funding:

  • State Funding: $700 million
  • Local Property Taxes: $300 million
  • Federal Grants: $150 million
  • Other Sources (e.g., donations, grants): $50 million

Expenditure Breakdown:

  • Instructional Costs (teachers, textbooks, supplies): $600 million
  • Administrative Costs (salaries, facilities, utilities): $200 million
  • Student Support Services (counseling, special education): $150 million
  • Transportation: $50 million
  • Building Maintenance: $50 million
  • Extracurricular Activities: $30 million
  • Debt Service: $20 million
  • Reserves and Contingencies: $50 million

Compare this hypothetical budget with the actual of the Houston ISD.

Small School District (Example):

Total Annual Budget: $10 million

Sources of Funding:

  • State Funding: $5 million
  • Local Property Taxes: $3 million
  • Federal Grants: $1 million
  • Other Sources (e.g., donations, grants): $1 million

Expenditure Breakdown:

  • Instructional Costs (teachers, textbooks, supplies): $4 million
  • Administrative Costs (salaries, facilities, utilities): $1 million
  • Student Support Services (counseling, special education): $500,000
  • Transportation: $150,000
  • Building Maintenance: $200,000
  • Extracurricular Activities: $50,000
  • Debt
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<鶹ý class="amc-article-title amc-mr-title">Unlocking Academic Excellence: A Guide to Advanced Placement (AP) Courses
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Unlocking Academic Excellence: A Guide to Advanced Placement (AP) Courses
Discover how AP courses empower students to pursue college-level studies, earn college credits, and stand out in the competitive admissions landscape.

What is AP?

AP or Advanced Placement Program is a three-year sequence of high school coursework offered by the in over 34 subject areas. The idea behind offering AP courses is to provide college-bound high school seniors with a level of academic playing field. It doesn't matter whether you are a high school student in Dubuque, Iowa, or Darien, Connecticut; AP courses and the end-of-course examinations are the same wherever they are offered. The course content is the same. The teaching objectives are the same. The preparation for the final examinations is the same. Because the standard is the same everywhere and the College Board proctored and graded final examinations, college admissions professionals can compare student academic achievements with confidence. They know precisely what AP means when they see it on your transcript. They know exactly what your AP scores represent.

This brief video explains the impact of AP credit and placement.

That is the intrinsic value of AP Courses and their examinations from a college admissions point of view. Admissions professionals want to know that the math courses an applicant took at a public high school in Kansas are the same as those an applicant from a private school in Tennessee took. In other words, they want to compare apples to apples. When one applicant is offered a high school math course that is not an AP math course, the

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